One of the most common addiction disorders is Alcoholism. People who suffer from this addiction often never seek out treatment. The fear of the stigma of being in a rehabilitation center or because they are not aware they have a problem are the most natural excuses. Alcohol is a widely used drug and is also considered socially acceptable for many occasions, making it challenging for people to identify when their drinking is causing serious problems.
How Does Alcohol Happen?
Addiction does not occur with everyone who abuses alcohol. Those that do, however, will find that transition occurs, when the internal chemical reactions happen as the person drinks. Once the alcohol enters the body, is quickly effects the bloodstream and makes a connection to the brain and central nervous system. Once it gets there, a stimulation is triggered that releases dopamine into the brain.
When an individual continues to drink on a regular basis in excessive amounts, the body can adjust to it and soon becomes dependent on the signal from alcohol to perform certain actions. The brain becomes unable to produce dopamine in a healthy, regulated way unless the individual continues to drink. This chemical dependency is known as a physical addiction.
Dangers of Alcohol Abuse
It is reported that an estimated 88,000 people die every year from abusive drinking, and another 10,000 lose their lives in alcohol-related car accidents. If the long-term abuse continues, it can cause a slew of devastating illnesses, including:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Liver disease
- Various Cancers
- Cognitive dysfunction
People with loved ones who are suffering from an addiction to drinking can utilize an intervention, which will encourage the loved one to get treatment. An intervention involves becoming educated about alcoholism and coordinating a meeting between the patient and concerned friends and family members. The select group will talk to the loved one about how the addiction has affected them and why the patient should now seek out to get help.
Usually, a professional interventionist can increase the chances that this intervention will lead to a successful treatment program.
It starts with medical detoxification, during which drugs will be distributed to help relieve withdrawal symptoms linked to alcohol. The symptoms include anxiety, tremors, depression, hallucinations and seizures.
After the detoxification process, a number of treatment therapies are utilized. This is to address the complex and psychological aspects of addiction. Included here are cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques, which can help a patient address harmful thoughts and disturbing behavior surrounding their condition. Also motivational interviewing, which will help a patient identify their own personal reasons for working towards successful recovery.
After a successful treatment program, a relapse prevention program is then personalized and set into motion to help future relapses of the addiction. Aftercare plans include a strong number of essential components, which include continuous counseling and consistent monitoring of the recovery process.